The Problem of Cognition: Evolutionary Approach

The article deals with considering the problem of cognition offered by evolutionary epistemology, evolutionary cognition theory and the constructive ideas of Santiago cognition theory. Analysis of these conceptions shows that the world is revealed through the subject of cognitions and from this point of view cognition and existence are identical.

Reconstruction of the temporal foundations of everyday thinking in phenomenological sociology of A. Schütz

Introduction.The article is aimed at identifying the problematic place of temporal foundations of everyday life, formulated in the framework of phenomenological sociology. The concept of everyday life outlined by A. Schütz is based on the conceptual provisions of E. Husserl’s philosophy about the inner consciousness of time and A. Bergson, who distinguished the refl exive self and the vital unity of conscious processes.

Formation of the National Culture-Educational Space: the Problem of the Inheritance of the Soviet Experience

In this article the analysis of the destination key point of the modern education is described and also the series of problems that take place in the national system of education and culture is disclosed. We pay attention to the role of the religion in the spiritual life of the society and we develop the problem of the ideological and spiritual content of the modern education. It is the formation of the national culture-educational space which is impossible without the rethinking of the positive and negative soviet experience that is underlined.

Name and Number in the Russian and Chinese Thought Traditions

Ontological status of name and number in Russian and Chinese philosophy – is the subject of the article. Russian onomatology and Chinese school of ming jia are compared. According to onomatology of Paul Florensky, name and number – are two different ontological principle of being-organization. The number is the source of an external and objective being of things. The name is the source of inner and personal being. The number is the source of time and space. The name is the core of personality and the source of spontaneity and duty.

The Rational Activity of a Modern Personality and the Meaning of Its “Rationality”

The article is devoted to the analysis of understanding of the meaning of “rationality” of the rational activity by a modern person. According to the author, the achievement of the goal is impossible without solving the problem of studying the epistemological foundations of post-non-classical rationality which dominates the system of civilizational values, since the basis of the meaning of “rationality” always has a certain type of rationality. At the same time, the author pays special attention to such tools of cognitive activity of a person as information and knowledge.

Philosophical Background of Successful Patriotic Education

The article discusses the philosophical background of successful patriotic education, which is fundamental, not related to the sociocultural situation. The relevance of the issue arises from the need to formulate methodology for patriotic education, which optimizes efforts for developing and implementing specific programs of patriotic education. It is also necessary at a fundamental level to resolve the dispute between supporters and opponents of the objectivity and a positive role of patriotic education for society and the individual.

The Phenomenon of Belief in V. I. Nesmelov's Gnoseology

In article reconstruction of the concept of Russian religious
philosopher V. I. Nesmelov is given, in particular it’s gnoseological
aspect. Questions of a parity of belief and knowledge are considered,
the mechanisms of knowledge process are revealed. The role of
religious thinking on a way to full disclosing of aspects of the human
person is understood.

The Problem of Estimate in Philosophy and Science in XX Century

The subject of analytical research in this article (problem of estimate) in philosophy in XX century appears indissolubly connected with category «value» (the basic criterion at removal of estimated judgments). In estimate as in phenomenon the unity of value and the
personal sense, world social and individual values reveals. By means of estimation acts the knowledge, representation consciousness of essence of values (as things) valuable life is carried out. An estimation − one of the ways of actualization of value actually. Estimation is

The Limit Phenomenon as a Base of the Mind Intentionality and the Objective Reality Perception

Our work is dedicated to the philosophical analysis of the "limit" phenomenon. The author considers the "limit" as a clear symbol devoid of content, which expresses the essential sense of the Symbolic. The "limit" is viewed as a base abstraction - the source of reflection of the cognitive and epistemological instrument and the basis of plurality (the perception of the material world variety).

Knowledge as a Strategic Resource: the Methodological Foundations of Research

The article considers knowledge and information from the point of view of influence on human life, the role of knowledge in the modern world. Various approaches of understanding knowledge and information, differentiation of concepts of information society and knowledge society are considered. It is suggested that pseudo-knowledge is a stepping stone to the emergence of fundamental knowledge and is part of its development. Man in the modern era receives a huge amount of information, which leads him to “information shock”.