From the subject to the agent in social and humanitarian discourses of the 21st century

Introduction. The article is focused on the problem of tuning research optics in the directions of vision and understanding a subject, society and the whole world. Since the Age of Enlightenment, the idea of subjectivity has been the foundation for such optics. In the 21st century the place of the subject is claimed by multiple agents that do not have a human nature. Theoretical analysis. In addition to nature as such and the organisms inhabiting it, the role of agents today is being played by instruments and technologies, including digital technologies.

The Cadets’ Technical Culture Formation During the Educative Process

The problem of the military institute cadets’ technical culture formation is considered in the article. The author’s definition of the notion is given, technical culture’s components are determined; model of its formation during the educative process in the military institution is suggested.

Evolutionary Development of Social Norms: from Ascriptiveness to Descriptiveness

The article is devoted to the analysis of such properties of normativity as ascriptivity and descriptivity, as well as the principle of the evolutionary development of norms. The article defines the content of the concept of “norm”, identifies two main interpretations of it: as a combination of a standard set of properties and as a sample of desirable behavior. It is argued that the second interpretation forms the idea of social norms. The problem investigated in the article is the presence of various properties of social norms and their corresponding requirements for people’s actions.

Technologization of Society as the Factor of Sociocultural Changes

The article considers the main processes of technologization of the modern society as a fundamental cause of value and sociocultural changes in public life. The author also describes the changes in the value transformation of society, focusing on the relationship between social, cultural and industrial-technogenic changes. The society is considered by the author as a heterogeneous object from the dynamic point of view, different subsystems of which develop at different speeds.

The Force and Power of Technology: Too Much or Not Enough?

This article dwells upon a question of power and force aspects of technology as far as the existence of human is concerned. Problematization of the point of connection of equipment and human life will help research neither the political nor the institutional but the existential
meaning of power.

Technology: Determination of Essence and Functions

The article deals with the essence, form and structure of technology and the role of the same in the society from a perspective of humanitarian and philosophical discourse. The author states that technology, while having activity-related nature, is one of the modern specialized forms of activity development. Modern technologies related to the socio-cultural context of the epoch determine social importance of technique.

Kondratiev's Cyclic Approach to the Description of Structural Changes in the Technosphere

The article discloses the relationship of economic methodological approaches. Kondratieff with new methodological ideas of the philosophy of technology within the general philosophical and cultural context of modern science. The idea of a cycle in the philosophy of technology and its connection with the Kondratiev cycles is considered by the method of comparison and search for analogies. It is shown that economic cycles are repetitive in character and the same cycles are characteristic of the technosphere.


В  статье  рассматриваются  проблемы  становления  и  развития 
науки как социального института в пространстве технократиче-
ской  цивилизации.  Выявляется  альтернатива  технологического 
и технократического подходов к научному знанию. Демонстри-
руется сущностное единство естественных и гуманитарных наук 
на основе общности их технократической организации. Ставится 
проблема влияния глобальной экономики и процесса интерна-
ционализации  научных  институтов  на  современные  реформы