Cite this article as:

Gafurov M. V. The influence of J.-P. Sartre’s philosophy on the mimetic theory of R. Girard. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, 2021, vol. 21, iss. 1, pp. 9-13. DOI:

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).

The influence of J.-P. Sartre’s philosophy on the mimetic theory of R. Girard

 Certainly Sartre had an enormous influence on the subsequent philosophical thought, primarily in France. Rene Girard did not ignore this thinker either. In this article we will look at the influence of Sartre’s philosophy on the formation of Rene Girard’s mimetic theory. Already in his early work, “Deceit, Desire and the Novel: Self and Other in Literary Structure”, Rene Girard repeatedly refers to the work of Sartre, explaining how his work can be considered in the context of mimetic theory. Further, in an interview with Michel Treger in 1992, Girard controversially proposes to examine the existential-phenomenological constructions of Sartre by means of mimetic theory, putting forward his vision and critical view on overcoming the Cartesian dualism that Girard finds in Sartre’s philosophy. The author of the article considers the convergence of the mimetic theory of R. Girard with some provisions of the work by J.-P. Sartre, turning to one of the main philosophical works of J.-P. Sartre “Being and Nothingness”, which also influenced the early work of R. Girard. It should be noted that J.-P. Sartre does not offer a system describing the mechanisms of mimetic desire. But through the prism of mimetic theory we can see certain philosophical intuitions that reveal to us the nature of mimetic desires in the works of Sartre.

  1. Sartre J. P. L’être et le néant. Essai d’ontologie phénoménologique. Paris, Gallimard, 1976. 675 p. (Russ. ed.: Sartr Zh.-P. Bytie i nichto. Opyt fenomenologicheskoy ontologii. Moscow, AST Publ., 2015. 928 p.).
  2. Girard R. Dostoïevski: du double à l’unité, Feni XX. 1963. 189 p. (Russ. ed.: Zhirar R. Dostoevskiy – ot dvoystvennosti k edinstvu. Moscow, BBI Publ., 2013. 162 p.).
  3. Sartre J. P. L’Existentialisme est un humanism. Paris, Gallimard, 1996. 108 p. (Russ. ed.: Sartr Zh.-P. Ekzistentsializm eto gumanizm. In: Sumerki bogov. Moscow, Politizdat Publ., 1990, pp. 319‒345). 
  4. Doran R. Rene Girard’s apocalyptic modernity // Comunicacao & Cultura. 2011. № 11. P. 37‒52.
  5. Girard R. Le bouc émissaire. Paris, Grasset, 1982. 300 p. (Russ. ed.: Zhirar R. Kozel otpushcheniya. St. Petersburg, Izdatel’stvo Ivana Limbacha, 2010. 336 p.). 
  6. Girard R. La violence et le sacré. Paris, Grasset, 1972. 451 p. (Russ. ed.: Zhirar R. Nasilie i svyashchennoe. St. Petersburg, Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie Publ., 2010. 448 p.).
  7. Girard R. Mensonge romantique etvérité Romanesque. Paris, 1961. 449 p.
  8. Dumouchel P. The ambivalence of scarcity and other essays. East Lansing, 2014. 383 p.
  9. Girard R. Quandces choses commenceront… Entretiens avec Michel Treguer. Paris, 1994.
  10. Palaver W. René Girard’s mimetic theory. East Lansing, 2011. 403 p.
  11. Girard R. Deceit, desire and the novel. Self and other in literary structure. Baltimore, John Hopkins Press, 1965. 318 p.
  12. Merrill T. C. The Book of Imitation and Desire: Reading Milan Kundera with Rene Girard. New York, 2013. 208 p.
одобрено к публикации
Short Text (PDF): 
Full Text (PDF): 

Generator XML for DOAJ

Не определено в Выпуске поле Опубликована онлайн:publicationDate