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Mikhel I. V. Sovereignty of Land, Water and Seeds: a Philosophy of Vandana Shiva. Izvestiya Saratovskogo Universiteta. New seria. Seria Phylosophy. Psychology. Pedagogics, 2018, vol. 18, iss. 4, pp. 404-409. DOI:


Sovereignty of Land, Water and Seeds: a Philosophy of Vandana Shiva

Vandana Shiva is one of the leaders of modern alter-globalism, a scientist, ecologist, public figure, head of the Navdanya Foundation, which works to preserve biological and cultural diversity in India. Shiva is the author of more than a dozen works in which she expounds her criticism of globalization, which she considers unfair for India and other Third World countries. Shiva argues that throughout the five centuries that globalization is continuing, the West plundered the natural wealth of the Third World, and now it has taken the form of the scientific, technical and commercial exploitation of land, water and seeds of cultivated plants by transnational corporations and associated political elites of developing countries. According to Shiva’s views, the peoples of the Third World, having achieved political independence, have not yet become truly free. True liberation presupposes not only the liberation of man, but also the whole of nature, of which he continues to be a part. It is necessary to liberate land, water and seeds, which, having ceased to be the property of the people, have become a global economic resource. The philosophical ideas of Shiva are an integral part of modern discussions about democracy and freedom, which are initiated by intellectuals of the countries of the Third World.


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