Cite this article as:

Yaroshenko Е. I. Social and Psychological Features of Emotional Burnout at Various Stages of Seniority of Correctional Staff. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, 2018, vol. 18, iss. 3, pp. 333-?. DOI:

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).

Social and Psychological Features of Emotional Burnout at Various Stages of Seniority of Correctional Staff

The article presents the results of empirical research of correctional staff’s emotional burnout. The hypothesis: there is an existence of features of correctional staff’s emotional burnout at various stages of their seniority. Empirical selection is presented by employees of Federal Service Directorate of Execution of Punishment in Saratov region. Methods: V. Boyko’s method for burnout level assessment; K. Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). This research shows dynamics of emotional burnout which people working in penal system eventually acquire. It is established that there is a number of reliable differences on the general indicator of emotional burnout and its phases and symptoms between employees with experience from three to six years and two other subgroups: beginners and those who have been working in penal system for long time. In the first three years of work employees of penal system are mainly steady against formation of emotional burnout. During the next period of career from 3 to 6 years substantial increase of level of the em otional burnout which is followed by the expressed symptoms of the created resistance stage is observed. In this time frame of work indicators of emotional burnout of penal system employees reach the peak. In the period of work over 6 years decrease of emotional burnout symptoms is observed that can be explained by formation of resource mechanisms of opposition to professional stress.


1. Leonova A. B., Velichkovskaya S. B. Differentsialnaya diagnostika sostoyaniy snizhennoy rabotosposobnosti [Differential diagnostics of conditions of the lowered working capacity]. In: Psikhologiya psikhicheskih sostoyaniy: sb. st. [Psychology of mental states: collection of articles]. Ed. by A. O. Prokhorova. Kazan, 2002, iss. 4, pp. 326–343 (in Russian).

2. Cox T., Griffi ths A. The nature and measurement of work-related stress: theory and practice. In: Evaluation of Human Work. Eds. J. R. Wilson, N. Corlett. Boca Raton, 2005, pp. 553–571.

3. Pines A. M. Burnout: From Tendium to Personal Growth. New York, 1981. 229 p.

4. Kohn M. L., Schooler C. Work and personality. Norwood, 1983. 400 p.

5. Kubicek B., Korunka C. Does job complexity mitigate the negative effect of emotion-rule dissonance on employee burnout? Work & Stress, 2015, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 379–400.

6. Hobfoll S. E. The influence of culture, community, and the nested-self in the stress process: Advancing conservation of resources theory. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 2001, vol. 50, iss.3, pp. 337–421.

7. Bakker A. B., Demerouti E. Job demands-resources theory. In: Wellbeing: A complete reference guide. Eds. P. Y. Chen, C. L. Cooper. Chichester, 2014. pp. 37–64. DOI: 10.1100219781118539415.wbwell019

8. Zapf D., Vogt C., Seifert C., Mertini H., Isic A. Emotion work as a source of stress: The concept and development of an instrument. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 1999, vol. 8, iss. 3, pp. 371–400.

9. Richards J. M., Gross J. J. Emotion regulation and memory: The cognitive costs of keeping one’s cool. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2000, vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 410–424.

10. Shamionov R. M. Subektivnoe blagopoluchie lichnosti kak subekta sotsialnogo bytiya [Subjective Well-being of Personality as a Subject of Social existence]. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N. S.), Ser. Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, 2014, vol. 14, iss. 1, pp. 80–86 (in Russian).

11. Beznosov S. P. Professionalnaia deformatciia lichnosti [Professional deformation of personality]. St. Petersburg. 2004, 270 p. (in Russian).

12. Krapivina O. V. Emotcionalnoe vygoranie kak forma professionalnoi deformatcii u penitentciarnykh sluzhashchikh [Emotional burning out as a form of professional deformation in penitentiary employees]. Thesis Diss. Cand. Sci. (Psychol.). Tambov, 2004. 22 p. (in Russian).

13. Crawley E. Doing Prison Work. The public and private lives of prison offi cers. New York, 2011. 304 p.

14. Garland B., Lambert E. G., Hogan N. L., Kim B., Kelley T. The relationship of affective and continuance organizational commitment with correctional staff occupational burnout. A Partial replication and expansion study. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2014, vol. 41, no. 10, pp. 1161–1177.

15. Dowden C., Tellier C. Predicting wok-related stress in correctional offi cers: Ametanalysis. Journal of Criminal Justice, 2004, vol. 32, pp. 31–47.

16. Bringas-Molleda C., Fernandez-Muniz A., Alvarez- Fresno E., Martinez-Cordero A., Rodriguez-Diaz F. J. Infl uence of burnout on the health of prison workers. Revista Espanola De Sanidad Penitenciaria, 2015, vol. 17, pp. 67–73.

17. Vidanova Iu. I. Psikhicheskoe vygoranie v protsesse professionalizatsii administrativnykh rabotneykov [Mental burnout in the process of professionalizing administrative staff]. Vestn. SPbGU [Vestnik of Saint-Petersburg University. Ser. 6. Political science. International relationships], 2007, no. 4, pp. 364-370 (in Russian).

18. Vodopianova N. E., Starchenkova E. S. Sindrom vygoraniia: diagnostika i profi laktika [Burnout Syndrome: Diagnosis and Prevention]. St. Petersburg, 2005. 343 p. (in Russian).

19. Tretyakova L.S. Professionalnoe vygoranie sotsialnykh pedagogov na raznykh etapakh professionalizatsii [Professional burnout of social pedagogues at different stages of professionalization]. In: Sovremennye tendentsii i problemy psikhologicheskoy nauki: materialy Vseros. nauch. konf., posvyashchennoy` 110-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya P. M. Yakobsona [Current trends and problems of psychological science: materials of the All-Russian scientifi c conference dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the birth of P. M. Jakobson]. (Ufa, May 17–18, 2012). Moscow, Berlin, 2015, pp. 61–65 (in Russian).

одобрено к публикации
Short Text (PDF): 
Full Text (PDF): 

Generator XML for DOAJ

Не определено в Выпуске поле Опубликована онлайн:publicationDate