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Duplinskya Y. ., Friauf V. A. Problem of Complexity of the Universe in Polemic Dialogue between Science and Theology. Izvestiya Saratovskogo Universiteta. New seria. Seria Phylosophy. Psychology. Pedagogics, 2018, vol. 18, iss. 4, pp. 371-376. DOI:


Problem of Complexity of the Universe in Polemic Dialogue between Science and Theology

The problem of extraordinary complexity of the universe which is stated on all its floors – from cosmology to biology is analyzed. This problem is a subject of polemic dialogue between science and theology, between creationism and an evolutionism. The arguments of supporters of “the God’s plan” appeal to the fact that such a difficult balance of the universe couldn’t arise without a preliminary reasonable plan. Research of this problem reveals the following paradox. Such a complicated balance couldn’t be result of a blind case. But such a complicated balance couldn’t be the result of the God’s plan. Neither God, nor the nature resorts to calculations on the basis of the higher mathematics for creation of the world. The version is reasoned that complexity of a scientific picture of the world, is caused not by own nature of the studied reality, but by a certain aberration of perception. This aberration may be called the retrospective vision. The scientific knowledge, inherently, is retrospective reconstruction of reality. Here the intellectual look is always turned to the direction, opposite to the valid formation. This version was for the first time formulated in A. Bergson’s philosophy. On material of physics and biology it is proved that this version is applicable to problems of modern science.


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