Cite this article as:

Nesterov V. I. I. Kant and B. V. Rauschenbach on cognition and morality: The contact points. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, 2021, vol. 21, iss. 1, pp. 34-38. DOI:

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
1(091)09.00.03 История философии

I. Kant and B. V. Rauschenbach on cognition and morality: The contact points

In the XXI century, the humanity continues to actively transform the world, technological progress puts rationalism in the first place as a worldview. Of course, the balance between rationalism and irrationalism in one time dimension and cultural space is difficult to achieve, each of these types periodically prevails and therefore has a specific impact on culture. At the same time, periods of changing cognitive and value orientations may be accompanied by crisis phenomena of a moral and ethical nature. The article attempts to compare and analyze the worldview positions of two thinkers: the German philosopher I. Kant and the Russian scientist B. V. Rauschenbach. The similarity and difference are considered in several aspects: the ratio of rational and irrational in cognition, the source of the formation of morality, and the role of religion in the formation of the worldview. The novelty of the work consists in the discovery of close theoretical positions between Kant and Rauschenbach on the relationship between cognition and morality. Basing on the review of philosophical texts, the author of the article comes to the conclusion that in the conditions of scientific and technological progress and globalization, a balanced approach to the development of different types of thinking will allow a person to better adapt to changes in society and reflect upon them.

  1. Kant I. Critique of Pure Reason. In: Kant I. Sobranie sochineniy: v 8 t. [Kant I. Collected works: in 8 vols.]. Moscow, Choro Publ., 1994, vol. 3. 741 p. (in Russian).
  2. Raushenbakh B. V. Religion and morality. Znamya [The Banner], 1991, no. 1, pp. 204–216 (in Russian).
  3. Bondarenko L. I., Perov V. Yu. Theoretical ethics in the USSR (1960–1980s). Diskursy etiki. Almanakh. Pod red. V. Yu. Perova [V. Yu. Perov, ed. Discourses of Ethics. Almanac]. St. Petersburg, 2012, iss. 1, pp. 54–82 (in Russian).
  4. Raushenbakh B. V. Autobiographical fragments. In: Raushenbakh B. V. Pristrastie: sbornik [Addiction: Сollection]. Moscow, Agraf Publ., 2000, pp. 7–25 (in Russian).
  5. Florenskiy P. A. Sochineniya: v 4 t. [Essays: in 4 vols.]. Moscow, Mysl' Publ., 1996, vol. 2. 877 p. (in Russian).
  6. Raushenbakh B. V. Harmony and algebra. In: Raushenbakh B. V. Pristrastie: sbornik [Addiction: Сollection]. Moscow, Agraf Publ., 2000, pp. 75–91 (in Russian).
  7. Belov V. N., Fakhrudinova E. R. I. Kant on religion, faith, God and the Church. Kantovskiy sbornik [Kant’s Сollection]. Kaliningrad, Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University Publ., 2017, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 30–40 (in Russian).
  8. Kant I. Religion within the limits of reason alone. Sobranie sochineniy: v 8 t. Moscow, Choro Publ., 1994, vol. 6, pp. 5–222 (in Russian).
одобрено к публикации
Short Text (PDF): 
Full Text (PDF): 

Generator XML for DOAJ

Не определено в Выпуске поле Опубликована онлайн:publicationDate