Cite this article as:

Mitlyanskaya M. B. Geschick (The Message of Being) as a Constitutive Feature of the Mythical. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, 2020, vol. 20, iss. 2, pp. 149-153. DOI:

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).

Geschick (The Message of Being) as a Constitutive Feature of the Mythical

This article is devoted to the task of identifying the constitutive attribute of the mythical. The study does not concern the phenomenon of the genesis of myth, considering only those features which allow the myth to survive significant changes, deconstruction and evasion, without losing the basis of its essence, where evasion (der Entzug) is one of the most important terms of Heidegger’s philosophy, denoting the ability of a being to manifest itself in an indirect, unnatural way, to impose itself on a representation. Without leaving the field of attention, the self-evading (das Sichentziehende) is hiding in itself. The author of this text analyzed a number of sources and suggests that a possible solution to the problem posed is to turn to the late philosophy of Martin Heidegger, namely, the concept of the history of Being. This conception reveals a number of philosophical considerations regarding a human’s memory of being, where one of the key phenomenon is the call or message of being (Geschick). The call of being has a direct connection with Heidegger’s understanding of truth as uncoveredness (ἀλήθεια), derived from his ancient historical and philosophical studies. A hermeneutic analysis of fragments of various myths and mythologies is carried out with the aim of testing the author’s theory. The research is followed by a discussion of why it is difficult to imagine the mythical without Geschick. Despite the reliance on the Hidegger’s project of the history of being, this view on the myth theory is rather nonstandard. Heidegger recognized the message of being in the ancient legend, denying the similar feature in any other mythical systems. The author does not make attempt to identify Geschick only in the legends of other ethnic groups by using the Heigegger’s hermeneutic method but comes to the conclusion that the phenomenon of myth can not merely exist without this feature.


1. Kirilenko G. G., Shevtsov E. V. Kratkiy fi losofskiy slovar [Brief Philosophical Dictionary]. Moscow, AST, Slovo Publ., 2010. 480 p. (in Russian).
2. Golovin S. U. Slovar prakticheskogo psihologa [Dictionary of Practical Psychologist]. Moscow, AST, Harvest Publ., 1998. 301 p. (in Russian).
3. Gureva T. N. Noviy literaturniy slovar [New Literary Dictionary]. Rostov-on-Don, Feniks Publ., 2009. 364 p. (in Russian).
4. Chubaryan A. O. Teoriya i metodologiya istoricheskoy nauki. Terminologicheskiy slovar [Theory and Methodology of Historical Science. Terminological Dictionary]. Moscow, Akvilon Publ., 2014. 576 p. (in Russian).
5. Heidegger M. Razgovor na prosyolochnoy doroge [Off the Beaten Track]. Moscow, Vysshaya Shkola Publ., 1991. 192 p. (in Russian).
6. Losev A. F. Dialektika mifa [The Dialectics of Myth]. Moscow, Mysl’ Publ., 2001. 561 p. (in Russian).
7. Chanyshev A. N. Filosofi ya Drevnego mira [Philosophy of the Ancient World]. Moscow, Vysshaya Shkola Publ., 1999. 703 p. (in Russian).
8. Falev E. V. Hermeneutics of history in the philosophy of M. Heidegger. Vestnik Leningradskogo universiteta im. A. S. Pushkina. Seriya fi losofi ya [Vestnik of the Pushkin Leningrad State University. Philosophy Series], 2014, no. 2, pp. 23–32 (in Russian).
9. Heidegger M. Gesamtausgabe. III. Abteilung: Unveröffentlichte abhandlungen Vorträge – Gedachtes. Band 71: Das Ereignis. Frankfurt am Main, Ag: Vittorio Klostermann GmbH, 2009. 348 S.
10. Heidegger M. Parmenid (Parmenides). St. Petersburg, Vladimir Dal’ Publ., 2009. 348 p. (in Russian).
11. Beovulf. Starshaya Edda. Pesn o Nibelungakh [Beowulf. Elder Edda. Song of the Nibelungs]. Trans. from Old Norse A. Korsun. Moscow, Khudozhestvennaya literature Publ., 1975. 770 p. (in Russian). 

одобрено к публикации
Short Text (PDF): 

Generator XML for DOAJ

Не определено в Выпуске поле Опубликована онлайн:publicationDate