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Katkova M. V. Culture, Civilization, Religion in the Modern World. Izvestiya Saratovskogo Universiteta. New seria. Seria Phylosophy. Psychology. Pedagogics, 2019, vol. 19, iss. 1, pp. 12-15. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/1819-7671-2019-19-1-12-15


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316(075.8)
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Russian

Culture, Civilization, Religion in the Modern World

The article is devoted to the conceptualization of the phenomena of culture and civilization, as well as the role of religion in the modern world. The task includes, firstly, the analysis of these phenomena in the framework of the socio-philosophical dimension and secondly, understanding of religion as the center of civilizational ideology, which is expressed in the Judeo-Christian values in the West and the ethics of Islam in the East. On the basis of the analysis it is concluded that in the modern international order there is no need to mix the globally prevailing culture with a more universal concept of civilization, which is used to varying degrees in all cultures to determine the general state of material progress in a certain period of history. The concept of civilization is broader than the concept of culture, as it always includes a certain culture as the basis: philosophy, music, literature, poetry, as well as large-scale social, political and legal institutions, where this culture developed. The appeal to religion in the modern world serves to legitimize political or economic programs, to mobilize opinions by increasing the emotional charge of «civilization». However, these phenomena do not mean that humanity will plunge into religion in the XXI century or that modern society will capture a religious renaissance, which will create new spiritual and moral values.

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