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Kraynov A. L. Biocentrism as a Model of Environmental Development of Society: Socio-Philosophical Analysis. Izvestiya of Saratov University. New Series. Series: Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, 2020, vol. 20, iss. 2, pp. 129-133. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/1819-7671-2020-20-2-129-133


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101.1:316
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Russian

Biocentrism as a Model of Environmental Development of Society: Socio-Philosophical Analysis

The article is devoted to modern issues of bioethics and the problem of replacing anthropocentric values that lie in the relation of a man to nature with the values of biocentrism. Attempts to solve the environmental problems of modern society within the framework of the anthropocentric paradigm have not been successful so far, despite the fact that many theories have been created to prevent the environmental crisis. Philosophers and scientists all over the world increasingly come to the conclusion that man is not the center of the universe and must take into account the rights of other living beings, in particular animals. This is not a tribute paid to fashion, but an attempt to find a compromise in relations with nature in order to save it from the destructive influence of utilitarianism, which considers all living and nonliving natural resources as potential objects for profit and enjoyment. The issues of giving animals legal status in order to protect them from human arbitrariness are gradually moving from a theoretical plane to a practical one, being implemented in a number of legal acts regulating human attitude towards animals. Until a person exalts himself above other inhabitants of the ecosystem and considers it the highest value, global environmental problems cannot be solved, but if he changes his worldview to a biocentric one, he will create favorable conditions for their resolution. The purpose of the study is to analyze the phenomenon of biocentrism and show its advantages over the anthropocentric model of relations in the “society-nature” system. The novelty of the study lies in the analysis of modern Russian and foreign approaches to the problem of biocentrism and bioethics, and the development of proposals for the introduction of this model of the relation of a man to nature in everyday practice on their basis. Research materials can be used in the preparation of courses in social philosophy.

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